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Racialized Canadians are less likely to find as good jobs as their non-racialized and non-Indigenous counterparts early in their careers

January 20, 2023

By Statistics Canada

Although racialized people are generally more likely than their non-racialized, non-Indigenous counterparts to earn a bachelor’s degree or higher, they are less likely to find jobs that offer the same pay and benefits in the years following graduation.

In particular, two years after graduating, racialized graduates reported lower employment earnings and lower rates of unionization and pension plan coverage than their non-racialized, non-Indigenous counterparts. However, the findings varied considerably by racialized group and gender.

The results come from two new studies published today, “A portrait of educational attainment and occupational outcomes among racialized populations in 2021 ” and “Early career job quality of racialized Canadian graduates with a bachelor’s degree, 2014 to 2017 cohorts.”

Using data from the 2021 Census, the first study examines the differences in education and employment of the racialized working-age population in Canada, based on characteristics such as immigrant and generation status, time since immigration, place of birth, and location of study.

The second study uses data from the integrated file of the Postsecondary Student Information System, the 2016 Census and the T1 Family File to examine differences in employment income, unionization and pension plan coverage rates among racialized graduates and non-racialized, non-Indigenous graduates, two years after graduation with a bachelor’s degree.

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